BIM Implementation Planning
Abstract: This handy guide is your quick reference to some of the key terms which are commonly used in describing BIM and its related processes, as well as your link to the key standards. If you or an organization you work with are using BIM, these terms will be familiar. This guide can be used by organizations across the supply chain. The global adoption of BIM continues to accelerate. Since the publication of the international standard ISO 19650, it is vital you understand the principles of information management.
Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a collaborative way of working underpinned by digital technologies. It uses a shared digital representation of an asset to facilitate design, construction and operation processes to form a reliable basis for decisions. Greater efficiencies can be realized due to significant pre-planning during the design and construction phases, providing comprehensive information at handover stage.
Core BIM standards
ISO 19650–1:2018 – Organization and digitization of information about buildings and civil engineering works, including building information modelling (BIM) – Information management using building information modelling. Concepts and principles.
ISO 19650–2:2018 – Organization and digitisation of information about buildings and civil engineering works, including building information modelling (BIM) – Information management using building information modelling. Delivery phase of the assets.
BS EN ISO 19650–3 and BS EN ISO 19650–5 will supersede PAS 1192–3 and PAS 1192–5 in 2020.
PAS 1192–3:2014 – Specification for information management for the operational phase of assets using building information modelling.
PAS 1192–5:2015 – Specification for security minded building information modelling, digital built environments and smart asset management.
BS 1192–4:2014 – Collaborative production of information. Fulfilling employer’s information exchange requirements using COBie. Code of practice.
PAS 1192–6:2018 – Specification for collaborative sharing and use of structured Health and Safety information using BIM.
BS 8536–1:2015 – Briefing for design and construction. Code of practice for facilities management (Buildings infrastructure).
BS 8536–2:2016 – Briefing for design and construction. Code of practice for asset management (Linear and geographical infrastructure).
BS 8541–1:2012 – Library objects for architecture, engineering and construction. Identification and classification. Code of practice.
BS 8541–3:2012 – Library objects for architecture, engineering and construction. Shape and measurement. Code of practice.
BS 8541–4:2012 – Library objects for architecture, engineering and construction. Attributes for specification and assessment. Code of practice.
To discover the BIM standards, visit: ukbimframework.org/standards-guidance
To discover library objects standards, visit: BS 8541 standards
Additional international standards referenced in BSI BIM certification schemes
BS ISO 44001:2017 – Collaborative business relationship management systems. Requirements and framework.
BS EN ISO 9001:2015 – Quality management systems. Requirements.
BS EN ISO 55001:2014 – Asset management. Management systems. Requirements.
BS EN ISO/IEC/27001:2017 – Information technology. Security techniques. Information security management systems. Requirements.
BS ISO 10004:2018 – Quality management. Customer satisfaction. Guidelines for monitoring and measuring.
BIM guiding principles
BIM has introduced some new principles in how assets should be designed, built and operated in order to best realize the potential benefits offered by this new way of working.
People, processes and technology
BIM is not just about technology; it’s a new way of designing, constructing and managing assets enabled by the use of technology. Equally, if not more fundamental than technology is the set of processes that should be followed (outlined within the ISO 19650 and BS/PAS 1192 series of standards) as well as the change in working practices at an operations level. This is best exemplified by the need for a collaborative approach across the supply chain.
One of the key success indicators of a project using BIM is the degree to which the supply chain has worked in collaboration to meet the project/asset needs. This means working openly as well as sharing information and experience with supply chain members in a way that encourages collective problem solving and coordination.
Start with the end in mind
A key problem that is addressed by using BIM is the issue of rushed decisions being made with insufficient and/or incorrect information. Starting with the end in mind, these decisions are pushed “up-stream” so that they are better informed and do not present themselves unexpectedly. Examples of this include; completing all principle design work and coordination before the commencement of construction, and ensuring that design decisions are being made across the entire delivery phase with respect to the operational performance and utilization of the asset (BS 8536).
It’s becoming increasingly recognized that monetary value is not solely attributed to the physical asset, but also attributed to the representation of that asset, in other words, the collective sum of all data/information describing the physical asset. Knowing that this digital asset accurately represents the physical asset; design, construction and operating decisions can be optimized.
Holistic approach to security
Once it has been identified what needs to be protected and the threats and consequences associated to this, (in order to ensure the security of a sensitive asset and sensitive information) a holistic approach should be adopted covering people, process, technological security and physical security.
Terms and abbreviations
There are many terms which form part of the BIM language. Whilst not exhaustive, here are some of the common ones to look out for.
CDE Common Data Environment
A workflow to control the single source of information for any given project or asset. Used to manage the collection and dissemination of all relevant approved project/asset information.
Used in combination with a digital storage solution, information is shared collaboratively in a logical and accessible way to help all key parties readily gain access to information, using consistent naming conventions, avoiding duplication and retaining ownership.
This is a meta-data field within the CDE workflow which is used to describe the suitability of the information to which the status code is assigned. The status code identifies the permitted use of the information and can be used to help facilitate specific workflows.
OIR Organization Information Requirements
This specifies what information is required to achieve an organization’s strategic objectives in relation to business operation, asset management, portfolio planning etc. The OIR may be developed from an ISO 55001 asset management system.
AIR Asset Information Requirements
This defines the information that is required, and the managerial and technical aspects of producing this information, for the operation of an asset.
EIR Exchange Information Requirements
This specifies the information that is required related to a specific appointment (contract). It includes responsibility, timescales, format and level of information need of the project information; consisting of the relevant information requirements from the OIRs, AIRs and PIRs.
PIR Project’s Information Requirements
This specifies the information that is required related to a specific project; consisting of the relevant information requirements from the OIRs and AIRs.
Level of information need
This is a methodology to specify the granularity of information to support a given purpose. This should be defined as the minimum granularity to avoid over- production of information leading to waste.
Project’s Information standard
This establishes requirements on the exchange of information, the structuring and classification of information, assignment of level of information need and use of information in the operational phase of the asset.
Project’s Information Production Methods and Procedures
This establishes the methods and procedures required to be used when generating, reviewing, distributing or delivering information.
BEP BIM Execution Plan
This specifies the delivery plan which will be undertaken by the delivery team as a response to the received tender documentation. It includes, amongst other things, who is responsible for providing information, as well as who will be undertaking which responsibilities within the delivery team.
Delivery team’s Mobilization Plan
This details the approach, timescales and responsibilities for the delivery team to be implemented during mobilization. This includes testing information exchanges between task teams and testing the proposed information production methods and procedures.
MIDP Master Information Delivery Plan
Developed from the BIM Execution plan, this is the primary plan for when information is going to be prepared, by whom and when. It also sets out the format and the timescales. Each information deliverable will be aligned to a defined project delivery milestone.
TIDP Task Information Delivery Plan
This is a plan, developed by each task team, which is incorporated into the Master Information Delivery Plan based on the agreed responsibilities outlined within the BIM Execution Plan.
Delivery Team’s Risk Register
This details the delivery team’s risk associated with the timely delivery of information deliverables in accordance with the EIR. Considered risks include (amongst others), meeting the information delivery milestones and adoption of the project’s information standard.
PIM Project Information Model
This is the aggregation of information developed during the design/construction phase of the project. Information that forms the PIM is created by the project team controlled by the CDE workflow. As the project develops so too will the PIM, which will increase in both size and accuracy; starting as a design intent progressing to a record of construction once complete.
COBie Construction Operation Building Information Exchange
This is a structured method of exchanging information about maintainable assets. COBie, often delivered as a spreadsheet, has a pre-defined structure that is used to share this information in both a human-readable and machine-interpretable manner.
AIM Asset Information Model
This is the aggregation of information needed to support the management and operation of the asset (infrastructure or building). The AIM is typically formed or updated using a subset of the PIM at the handover stage of a project. The AIM will continually be updated and developed as information is provided following works that affect the asset.
Global BIM adoption
Governments around the world have already or are starting to introduce different requirements to embed the adoption of BIM. In April 2016 the UK Government introduced a condition of contract requiring all Government commissioned construction projects to be delivered at ‘BIM Level 2’ competence. In Singapore it became mandatory in 2015 for all projects greater than 5000 Sqm. Germany has mandated construction of public infrastructure works to adopt with BIM processes from 2020 and Hong Kong has issued a number of circulars to foster the adoption of BIM technology in public works projects.
With the publication of ISO 19650, parts 1 and 2, BIM will now move to having an internationally agreed definition. ‘BIM according to ISO 19650’ defines the minimum requirements and gives further recommendations to applying best practice to BIM.
BSI BIM journey
BIM Verification for Design and Construction
Based on ISO 19650 (Parts 1 and 2), this has been developed for any organization involved in using BIM. It will help you demonstrate your BIM capability through independent and impartial third-party verification.
Whether you’re an owner, design consultant, main contractor, sub-contractor, or project manager, training will help you to understand the opportunities that collaboration brings within a virtual digital environment.
You may want to know how to implement BIM within your organization or supply chain, or expand BIM knowledge internally so that all teams have a good understanding. Or you may have a specific requirement for more detail – whether that’s health and safety or asset management.
BSI is instrumental in shaping international standards, and you’ll benefit from the knowledge of our tutors who are experts in their field. visit: https://www.eit.edu.au/
Building Information Modelling (BIM) Fundamentals are in all courses of engineering
This is designed to raise your awareness and introduce you to the basic principles of BIM.
It will explain how BIM principles help to reduce waste in construction and asset management. We’ll provide you with an overview of the standards that define BIM implementation and the fundamental processes of a Common Data Environment (CDE).
This course is ideal if you’re adopting BIM practices into your organization or helping your clients or supply chains to adopt it.
It will be particularly useful for construction and asset management professionals including project managers, asset managers, designers, constructors, manufacturers, maintenance contractors, and information managers.